Habitat and Food

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Chimpanzees are currently found in 21 African countries—from the west coast of the continent to as far east as western Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania.

The greatest number of chimpanzees are located in the rain forests, in what used to be the equatorial forest “belt.” They can also be found in secondary regrowth forests, open woodlands, bamboo forests, swamp forests, and even open savanna where there are some forested areas. In savanna areas, they rarely venture far into the savanna except to move from one forest patch to the next.


Chimpanzees require a water supply and a wide variety of fruits in their habitats. They are omnivores, meaning they eat not only fruits, nuts, seeds,
blossoms and leaves, but many kinds of insects and occasionally the meat of medium-sized mammals or lower order primates like bush babies. Read more about Dr. Goodall’s discovery that chimpanzees hunt and eat meat here

The chimpanzees' wide diet means they are able to live in a variety of habitats unlike some other endangered great apes, such as gorillas and orangutans, which have a more specific diet in the wild.